Portuguese mistakes in English: 40 Most Common Errors

In this article you are going to learn about

10 common pronunciation errors
10 common grammar mistakes
10 common spelling errors
10 common listening mistakes
 

10 common pronunciation errors  

  1. ‘Th’ Sound

This is one of the top mistakes Portuguese natives make when speaking English. A mixture of vocal musculature and habit are the reason for such difficulty when it comes to the ‘th’ sound in English. Most Portuguese speakers don’t see a clear difference in the pronunciation of ‘day’ and ‘they’. The key is to regularly practise the English ‘th’ sound.

You need to vibrate your tongue against the bottom of your upper front teeth with an open mouth to properly pronounce words like ‘the’, ‘they’, and ‘them’.  For words like ‘mouth’, ‘south’, and ‘truth’, you tap your tongue on your front teeth while gently blowing out and then pull it back quickly.

  1. Distinguishing minimal pairs

 Minimal pairs are words that vary by only a single sound – vowel or consonant. There are several minimal pairs in the English language and for ESL learners they can be very hard to differentiate. Some examples are:

Rich / Reach
Pack / Puck
Had /Head
Put / Pot
Sing / Thing

  1. ‘Ed’ Sound

This is another extremely common mistake amongst Portuguese speakers. Most ESL learners pronounce ‘ed’ as a separate sound within the word, which is incorrect. The proper English pronunciation of the ‘ed’ sound will finish on the hard consonant sound of ‘d’ or ‘t’. For example:

Shocked = correct spelling
Shock-ed (/ʃɒked/) = incorrect pronunciation
Shokt (/ʃɒkt/)= correct pronunciation

    1. ‘H’ and ‘I’ sounds

In Portuguese you don’t really pronounce the ‘h’ sound. For example, a name like ‘Helena’ (Portuguese: Relena) would be pronounced ‘Elena’ by a Portuguese native. So, words like ‘hear’ and ‘high’ are often incorrectly pronounced as ‘ear’ and ‘I’. Portuguese speakers need to be aware that in English a written ‘h’ is usually pronounced (although there are some exceptions, such as ‘vehicle’).

The best way to practise the differences between sounds in English is to do regular drills with minimal pairs. Try these pronunciation exercises to get started!

  1. Words ending in ‘T’

Words that end in ‘T’ in Portuguese are usually pronounced without any reduction in the final sound. For example, a Portuguese speaker with poor English might incorrectly say ‘party’ instead of ‘part’ because in Portuguese you usually pronounce all of the letters or sounds fully. However, in words such as ‘part’, ‘court’, ‘cart’ etc. the ‘t’ is a softer ‘tuh’ sound, rather than ‘tee’ (as when reading the alphabet).

  1. Inclusion of vowels in words beginning with ‘S’

When you pronounce the letter ‘s’ in Portuguese it sounds like ‘ese’, so the inclusion of extra vowel sounds in words that begin with ‘s’ in English can be a challenge for Portuguese speakers. Words such as ‘strap’ might be pronounced ‘estrap’, which is wrong. Another example is ‘strange’ becoming ‘estrange’ (difference meaning in English).

  1. Words ending in ‘M’ or ‘M’

Words in Portuguese that end in the letters ‘m’ or ‘n’ sound as if there’s a ‘g’ added to the end of the word (e.g. bem, tem, sem). Due to this, it’s common that Portuguese speakers create a nasalisation of the final ‘m’ or ‘n’ sounds in English words. For example, ‘ran’ might become ‘rang’ or ‘can’ could be pronounced ‘cang’.

  1. Differentiating words with ‘P’ vs. ’B’ and ‘G’ vs. ‘K’ sounds

Many Portuguese speakers of English have difficulty distinguishing between words like pig/big or gale/kale. This is because the letters P, B, G and K are pronounced differently in each language:

P (pee – ENG) vs. (pe – PT)
B (bee – ENG) vs. (be – PT)
G (gee – ENG) vs. (je – PT)
K (kay – ENG) vs. (kah – PT)

Native English speakers often pronounce these letters as aspirated phonemes, which means more air is pushed out just after the sound. This doesn’t happen in Portuguese, so this skill must be learnt through speaking English.

  1. Silent ‘B’

One annoying thing about the English language is that there are a lot of silent letters. Portuguese natives often make mistakes with words ending in ‘b’. In English, words such as ‘bomb’, ‘lamb ‘and ‘comb’ are pronounced ‘bom’, ‘lam’ and ‘com’. You don’t pronounce the ‘b’ at all. Portuguesespeakers should keep in mind that when it comes to English not all letters will be pronounced the way they look, and some will even be silent!

  1. Adding ‘Ee’ sounds

Portuguese speakers tend to make this mistake because they end up going back to the Portuguese rules of phonetics. In words that phonetically sound like they end in a consonant, such as ‘take’, ‘have’ and ‘like’, they might add an extra ‘e’ to produce ‘takee’, ‘havee’ and ‘likee’.

 

10 common grammar mistakes

  1. I have 22 years. X

I am 22 years-old.

Since in Portuguese you don’t say you are a certain age but rather you have that age, this mistake is very common amongst Portuguese speakers. Always remember that in English you are the age, you don’t have it.

  1. We made a party for his birthday. X

We had a party for her birthday.

In English, you don’t ‘make’ a party you either ‘throw’ or ‘have’ one!

  1. I only have more three days of school left. X

I only have three more days of school left.

In Portuguese the number goes after the word ‘more’, but remember that in English the number goes before!

  1. I am learning English since I was at primary school. X

I have been learning English since I was at primary school.

In this example, the speaker started learning English in the past (when they were in primary school) and is still learning English right now. Contrary to what is learned in Portuguese (that you can use the present continuous to express this), in English you need to use the present perfect tense to show this uncompleted action from the past.

Usual mistakes English Portuguese

  1. I said for her that she shouldn’t buy a new purse. X

I said to her that she shouldn’t buy a new purse.

‘For’ and ‘do’ can be confusing to Portuguese speakers since they have the same word for both. ‘Para’ has multiple meanings (for, do, stop etc.) so it should be noted that in the example above ‘for’ doesn’t work with ‘say’. When it comes to the verb ‘say’ in the past, you should always use ‘to’ not ‘for’.

  1. Some people like to go to the beach for relax. X

Some people like to go to the beach to relax.

Another mistake involving ‘for’ and ‘to’. In English when you give a reason for doing something you use the preposition ‘to’ and not ‘for’. When it comes to giving reasons for something always use ‘to’!

  1. I went to the shopping to buy a new outfit. X

I went to the shopping mall/centre to buy a new outfit.

In Brazilian Portuguese a shopping mall/centre is usually just called ‘shopping’. However, in English, you say shopping mall (US) or shopping centre (UK).

Most common mistakes in English to Portuguese speakers

  1. I couldn’t do nothing about it. X

I couldn’t do anything about it.

If you have a negative word around the start of the phrase (such as couldn’t/could not), the following word cannot be a ‘no’ word (e.g. nothing). You should use an ‘any’ word (e.g. anything).

  1. A: Did you tell him about the festival?

B: Yes, I told. X
B: Yes, I told him.

Personal pronouns, especially direct object pronouns, are often omitted in Portuguese, which leads to mistakes such as ‘I told’(eudisse). In English you wouldn’t omit ‘him’, you would say ‘I told him’ (eudisse a ele).

  1. She is coming, isn’t it? X

She is coming, isn’t she?

In Portuguese it makes perfect sense to use isn’t it (não é) for this phrase but this is not so in English. In this context, there is only one tag question in Portuguese, in contrast to English which has several different ones depending on the tense and form of the opening words. In this example, you wouldn’t use ‘it’ at the end of the phrase but rather ‘she’ because you’re talking about a person, not a thing.

 

10 common spelling errors

  1. You’re vs. Your

This type of mistake is often made by native English speakers so by avoiding these errors you’re definitely on the path to perfecting your language skills! ‘You’re’ and ‘your’ sound the same, but they mean different things. ‘You’re’ is short for ‘you are’, while ‘your’ is a possessive (meaning something belongs to you). So, you use them in different situations:

You are beautiful. (voce é bonito/a)
Your shoe is black. (seu sapato é preto)

  1. It’s vs. Its

This is a similar mistake to the previous one and another that is often made by native English speakers. This is probably because possessives normally have an apostrophe in them (e.g. Paula’s cookies are delicious). ‘Its’, despite being a possessive (just like ‘yours’) does not. While ‘It’s’ is a shortened version of ‘it is’. In consequence, they sound the same but have different meanings. Here are some examples to illustrate their use:

It’s a beautiful day. (Está um dialindo)
This milk is past its expiration date. (Este leite passou da data de validade)

  1. Everyday vs. Every day

These two words might not look very different, but the spelling matters! ‘Everyday’ is an adjective used to describe something that is seen or used every day (daily). Synonyms for it are ‘ordinary’ or ‘typical’. Meanwhile, ‘every day’ is a phrase that simply means ‘each day’. Look at the examples below:

I wear black jeans every day. (Eu uso jeans pretotodososdias)
This doesn’t taste like my everyday coffee. (Isso não tem o mesmo gosto do meu café de todos os dias)

If you’re still finding it difficult to distinguish between these two words, just remember that when you’re using ‘every day’ you can easily replace ‘every’ with ‘each’ and it will still make sense. That’s how you know when to use each word!

  1. Writing dates

While this might not be considered a spelling mistake, it is common for Portuguese speakers to write dates in an incorrect way. Here’s how to do it properly.

In British English, any of these forms are considered correct:

10 March
10 March 2018
10th March 2018
the 10th of March 2018

In American English, you can use these forms:

March 10
March 10, 2018
Saturday, March 10, 2018

  1. Words that start with ‘Wr’

The letter ‘w’ doesn’t exist in the Portuguese alphabet so dealing with this letter can be confusing to Portuguese speakers. It is a common mistake to think that words beginning with ‘wr’ are only spelled with an ‘r’. For example the word ‘writing’ can sometimes be misspelled ‘riting’.

  1. Definitely

‘Definitely’ is most certainly a word that even native English speakers find hard to get right. It’s also one of the top words that Portuguese speakers tend to misspell. Mistakes such as ‘definately’, ‘definetely’, or ‘definitily’ are the most common ones. Make sure to not write any of those and always stick with D-E-F-I-N-I-T-E-L-Y.

  1. Wednesday

Like ‘definitely’, this day of the week is another easy one to misspell. The silent ‘d’ leads to errors like ‘Wensday’ or ‘Wansday’.

  1. Responsible

Usual mistakes in Portuguese and English

Another word that is often misspelled is ‘responsible’. Since ‘responsible’ in Portuguese is Responsável, writing ‘responsable’ instead of ‘responsible’ is extremely common amongst Portuguese speakers.

  1. Separate

‘Separate’ in Portuguese is separado(a). This similar sound and spelling can cause issues for Portuguese speakers of English. Mistakes like ‘seprate’ frequently occur because when you actually say the word, you only say two syllables, even though it’s actually spelled with three.

  1. Accommodate vs. Accommodation

The words ‘accommodate’ and ‘accommodation’ are often misspelled by native English speaker and foreigners alike. Common misspellings are ‘accomodate’ or ‘accomodation’. Always remember that these two words have 2 C’s and 2 M’s!

 

10 common listening mistakes

  1. Week vs. Weak

You might think this is a minimal pair, but these two words sound exactly the same! This can lead Portuguese speakers to use one word when they actually mean the other. It’s important to know exactly what they mean so you can use them in the correct context:

Week (Semana) – ‘I had a great week working in the school.’ (Eu tiveumaótimasemanatrabalhandonaescola)

Weak (Fraco/a) – ‘I’ve been so ill, I feel weak all the time.’ (Eu tenhoestadotãodoente, me sintofraco o tempo todo)

Most common mistakes by Portuguese speakers in English

  1. Accepted vs. Excepted

‘Accepted’ and ‘excepted’ are commonly mistaken for one another because they sound similar. Remember that both their spelling and meaning are different:

Accepted (Aceito/a) –   Widely used, recognized, or approved. E.g. ‘An accepted treatment for pneumonia are antibiotics.’ (Um tratamento aceito para a pneumonia são antibióticos)

Excepted (Excetuado/a) – To leave out; exclude. E.g. ‘An admission fee is charged, but children are excepted/exempted.’ (Uma taxa de admissão é cobrada, mas as crianças são excetuadas)

  1. To, Two and Too

Because these words sound exactly the same, getting them mixed up is not uncommon. For you to be able to properly differentiate them you have to know their meaning so you can tell which one is being used based on the context:

To (preposition/preposição) – ‘I am going to buy a cake.’ (Eu vou comprar um bolo)

Two (the number 2 in written form/o número 2 escritoporextenso) – ‘There are two bathrooms in my house.’ (Hádoisbanheirosnaminha casa)

Too (to a higher degree than is desirable/muito) – ‘He was driving too fast.’ (Eleestavadirigindomuitorapido) OR Too (in addition; also/também) ‘I want to play too.’ (Eu tambémquerobrincar)

  1. Silent ‘K’

This mistake also falls under the spelling and pronunciation category but it’s mostly to do with listening. There are words in the English language, such as ‘knee’ (joelho) and ‘knowledge’ (conhecimento) that are spelt with a silent ‘k’. This means that you don’t pronounce the ‘k’ at all.

  1. Words that sound the same as in Portuguese but have different meanings

Also called “false friends” (https://onlineteachersuk.com/false-friends-english-portuguese/), these kinds of words can be extremely annoying to ESL learners. One of the top misused words by Portuguese speakers is ‘fantasy’. It sounds a lot like ‘fantasia’, which means ‘costume’ in Portuguese, but in English it actually means the faculty or activity of imagining impossible or improbable things. In Portuguese, it actually means both things but the problem here is saying ‘fantasy’ when you actually mean ‘costume’.

Fantasy – ‘I had this fantasy that I would live in a big mansion.’ (Eu tinha essa fantasia de que eu iria morar em uma grande mansão)

Costume –‘ I will wear a witch costume for Halloween.’ (Eu vou usar uma fantasia de bruxa para o Halloween)

  1. Kitchen vs. Chicken

‘Kitchen’ and ‘chicken’ are two words that get easily mixed up by Portuguese speakers. This is no surprise because the letters k/w/y didn’t use to be part of the Portuguese alphabet. They were only used in some foreign words borrowed into Portuguese. Not only that, but the ‘k’ sound in Portuguese can be replaced with ‘c’ or with ‘qu’. This means that Portuguese speakers may not be so familiar with the use of ‘k’.

Most common mistakes English Portuguese

  1. Bear vs. Bare

Just like the week/weak example, ‘bear’ and ‘bare’ may sound the same. However, you can distinguish them as long as you know what each word means.

Bear

  • To support/suportar algo– ‘I can’t bear this anymore.’ (Nao posso mais suportar isso)
  • The animal/Urso, o animal – ‘Be careful there is a bear in the woods.’ (Tenha cuidado, tem um urso na floresta)

Bare

  • Of a person or part of the body; not clothed or covered/Uma partedo corpo que naoestejacobertaouvestida– ‘He was bare from the waist up.’ (Eleestava nu do quadril para cima)
  • Without addition; basic and simple/Basico e simples, semadicao– ‘She was very unproductive, she did the bare minimum.’ (Ela naofoi nada produtiva, ela fez apenas o mínimo)
  1. Weather vs. Whether

Another pair of words that need to have their meanings memorised in order to use them properly:

Weather/Clima – ‘We’ve been having terrible weather.’ (Estamos tendo um clima terrivel ultimamente)

Whether/Se – ‘I’ll see whether she’s at home.’ (Eu vou ver se ela esta em casa)

  1. Stressed vs. unstressed sounds

English has an annoying habit of changing the sound of the word according to its form. For example, the word ‘resign’ rhymes with ‘line’. So, when an ESL learner reads

‘resignation’ they might think it has the same pronunciation as in ‘resign’. However, this is not the case and the ‘ig’ in ‘resignation’ is pronounced.

  1. Breath vs. Breathe

These two word also fall into the pronunciation category but the reason they are in the listening one is because you can distinguish them best based on what you hear. ‘Breath’ means respiração (e.g. A breath of fresh air = Um sopro de air fresco), while ‘breathe’ is a verb, meaning respirar. (e.g. I can’t breathe = Eu naoconsigorespirar). The difference is in the middle of the word. The underlined part in ‘breathe’ sounds like the letter iin Portuguese. While in ‘breath’, the underlined bit sounds like bré.

Portuguese Mistakes in English: 51 False Friends

51 false friends in English vs. Portuguese

This list contains 51 of the most commonly confused words in English and Portuguese. If your mother tongue is Portuguese, you will naturally make mistakes in English due to false cognates in the two languages. These words may look and sound similar (and often share the same etymology), but they have different meanings and usage.

When you find pairs of false friends between Portuguese and English, take the time to understand them in the context of EACH language!

English wordSimilar Portuguese word (mistake)Correct meaning + example
ActuallyAtualmente
(Currently)
Na verdade/realidade
Some people think Portuguese is an easy language to learn, but it is actually one of the most difficult!
AdvertAdvertir
(Advise/warn)
Propaganda
The Dove advert on TV led to a lot of controversy.
AgendaAgenda
(Diary/planner)
Pauta do dia
In today’s agenda we have made time for a meeting with the Sales team.
AliasAlias
(By the way)
Codinome
The spy’s alias was Mr Black.
AlumnusAluno(s)
(Student/pupil)
Ex-aluno
I’m an alumnus of the University of London. I graduated in 2001.
AppointmentApontamento
(Appoint)
Compromisso
I’ve made an appointment to see the dentist.
AnthemAntena (Antenna)Hino
Before international football matches, they sing the national anthem of each country.
AttendAtender
(Pick up)
Comparecer
I have to attend two conferences this year for work.
BalconyBalcão
(Counter)
Sacada
The balcony in my room has the most amazing view!
CollarColar
(Necklace)
Gola
The collar of my shirt needs a good clean.
CompromiseCompromisso (Appointment)Entrar em acordo, fazer concessão
We need to stop fighting about this and reach a compromise.
ConvictConvicto(a) (Certain)Preso
The convict escaped from Alcatraz!
CostumeCostume (Habits)Fantasia
I wore a vampire costume last Halloween.
DataData (Date)Dados
Hospital IT systems store data on all patients.
DeceptionDecepção (Disappointment)Fraude/enganar
A magician should be a master of deception. The same is true of politicians!
DefendantDefensivo (a) (Defensive)Réu
The defendant pleaded not guilty.
DiversionDiversão (Fun)Desvio
The diversion worked perfectly so the security guards didn’t notice us.
ExitExito (Success)Saida
The exit to the station is on the left.
ExcitingExcitante (Rousing)Empolgante
I’m really excited about my trip to India!
It will be an exciting trip!
ExquisiteEsquisito (Strange)Algo belo, refinado
This ancient Egyptian vase is simply exquisite!
EnrollEnrolar (Curl/roll)Estar inscrito/se inscrever em um curso/aula
I’m enrolled on the Higher Maths course this semester.
FabricFabrica (Factory)Tecido
I need some pieces of fabric to make a patchwork quilt.
GripGripe (Flu)Agarrar/segurar
I lost my grip on the branch and fell out of the tree!
IdiomIdioma (Language)Expressão idiomática
‘A piece of cake’ is an idiom meaning something that is easy.
IngenuityIngenuidade (Naivety)Criatividade
It requires skill and ingenuity to be a great designer.
InjuryInjúria (Insult)Ferimento
Manchester United’s best player is currently out with a knee injury.
JournalJornal (Newspaper)Revista especializada
The Journal of Philosophy only accepts submissions in May.
LaceLaço (Bow)Tecido fino feito de fios, renda
Her wedding dress was made of beautiful white lace.
LegendLegenda (Subtitles)Lenda
The legend of Curupira comes from Brazil.
LibraryLivraria (Bookshop)Biblioteca
I’m going to the library to pick up some books.
LunchLanche (Snacks)Almoço
I usually have my lunch at 1pm.
MayorMaior (Bigger)Prefeito
The Mayor presented awards to several community leaders.
MoistureMistura (Mixture)Umidade
The moisture level of the soil isn’t high enough to grow flowers.
NovelNovela (Soap Opera)Um livro de ficção
I’m reading a great novel by J.K. Rowling.
Algo novo e interessante
We came up with a novel idea to solve the problem.
NoticeNotícia (News)Notar/perceber
I noticed she had lost weight.
OfficeOfício (Profession)Escritório
Our new office is really modern.
ParentsParentes (Relatives)Pais
We can have a party at my house as my parents aren’t home.
PastaPasta (Folder)Macarrão (tipo geral)
I love eating pasta when I’m in Italy.
PhysicianFísico (Physicist/Physical)Médico
The physician examined the blood tests thoroughly.
PolicyPolícia (Police)Políticas, diretrizes
Our company has recently updated its refunds policy.
PrejudicePrejudicar/Prejuizo (Harm/Loss)Preconceito
There’s still prejudice against ethnic minorities in parts of the labour market.
PreservativePreservativo (camisinha) (Condom)Conservante
The shelf life of most orange juice is longer because of the preservatives in it.
PushPuxar (Pull)Empurrar
My sister pushed me in the lake!
PullPular (Jump)Puxar
I pulled the door open for her.
RealiseRealizar (Accomplish)Perceber
It takes time to realise and understand the mistakes you have made in the past.
RecordRecordar (Remember)Gravar um disco/dados
May I record this interview?
ResumeResumo (Summary)Retomar, reiniciar
The meeting will resume at 5pm sharp.
Retired/RetireRetirado/retirar (Withdrawn)Aposentado (a)
I am 75 and retired.
ScholarEscolar (Academic)Erudito
He is a leading political scholar at the University of York.
SeniorSenhor (Sir)Pessoa mais velha que voce (nao necessariamente idosa)
The senior girls play badminton while the others play hockey.
SensibleSensível (Sensitive)Sensato (a)
John’s a sensible guy. He always thinks long and hard before making a decision.
Tips to remember false friends in English and Portuguese
  1. Always check the meaning of new words!

Never assume that two words that sound similar in English and Portuguese have the same meaning. While they may share the same origin, their meanings may have changed a lot over time! Take a good dictionary, look up the new English words and write down their correct meaning and translation in Portuguese.

  1. Make your own list of false friends

Take the list above and remove any false friends that you already know well. Now create your own personal list of false cognates with the English word on the left, the Portuguese mistake in the middle column and the correct translation and meaning on the right. You can find more false friends by reading and translating texts in English. Build your list over time as your study.

  1. Learn false cognates with examples in context

Context is extremely important when you are learning vocabulary! Never learn a word without an example of how it is used. Context always helps us to understand what words mean. For this reason, you should never learn words in isolation – e.g. just a list with no examples. Take two words that sound very similar in English and Portuguese, find one sample sentence for each and you will quickly see the difference in usage between them!

  1. Write x3 sentences for each set of false friends

Starting with the list above, you can highlight some false cognates that have caused problems for you in the past. Look at the example of correct English usage and try to write x3 new sentences of your own. If you are unsure of how to use the English word, search for it on Google and look for more examples of it in context. You can then copy these examples or write more yourself.

  1. Practise with bad translations!

This may sound like a strange tip, but it actually works. Have you ever watched an English film with subtitles in Portuguese? Try to follow them and pick out the mistakes! There will be more than you think. Words often have several meanings in English and this creates additional problems when translating. You can also try this exercise with translated texts.